How Do Atomizers Work?
Getting to know your vape device is one of the best ways to improve the quality of your vaping experience, and that’s why we want to help you understand how atomizers work. While they may seem complicated, atomizers are actually relatively simple pieces of equipment that, if treated correctly, can have a great effect on the flavor and vapor quality your device produces.
What is an Atomizer?
The word ‘atomizer’ is used to describe any type mechanical device that converts liquid into vapor or mist. In the world of vaping, an atomizer is the component of your vaporizer that heats up e-liquid or vape juice until it transforms into the vapor you inhale. Without an atomizer, your vape device would simply be a useless tank filled with liquid and some batteries.
Atomizers are measured using a unit called ohms (which is represented by this cool symbol Ω). Ohms measure the amount of resistance an atomizer produces. Atomizers with greater resistance, such as those with dual coils, require more power to run but also provide more vapor.
How Does an Atomizer Work?
Some people refer to vape coils as atomizers, while others believe that the word refers to the device containing the coils. Technically, both uses of the word are correct. To avoid any confusion, in this article we refer to heating coils as coils.
Using that definition, when you look inside an atomizer you will find a coil, made out of various types of wire (including kanthal, stainless steel, nickel and titanium) connected to a positive and a negative post. The coils are connected to, or are wrapped around, something known as a wick. Wicks are made out of materials such as silica or organic cotton, and are used to transfer e-liquid from the tank to the coils. When you engage the vaporizer, the batteries start to charge the coils, causing them to heat up. When the heated coils come into contact with the soaked wick, the e-liquid is vaporized.
A Note on Dripping
Long-term, professional vapers and vape purists often swear by dripping, a type of vaping practice that has become popular in the last few years. The act itself is quite easy – you simply drop e-juice directly onto the coils of an atomizer, rather than allowing it to move from the tank onto the wick.
People who are committed to dripping often use RDAs, or Rebuildable Dripping Atomizers, with custom-built coils. Because the e-liquid that is dripped onto the coil is burned up during a vape session, many believe that dripping is the best option for anyone who enjoys changing e-juice flavors as there is no mixing of old and new juice. While the flavor is stronger, the process of dripping is time-consuming and not conducive to an on-the-move lifestyle.
What About Cartomizers and Clearomizers?
Cartomizers and clearomizers are, essentially, modified atomizers. Cartomizers, or carts, are often dual-coil, ‘extended atomizers’ that use cotton-like fibers as wicks. Carts are able to hold more e-juice than regular atomizers, so users don’t have to refill their tanks as often. However, cartomizers are slowly becoming outdated, as new technology allows atomizers to hold the same amount, and sometimes even more, e-juice than a cart.
For people who want to enjoy a long vape session without having to refill, or for those who just don’t want to carry around a bottle of e-juice, buying a clearomizer is a good option. These clear tanks can hold between 2.5mL and 5mL of vape juice, and allow users to see how much juice they have left in their tank. However, be warned – these devices are basic. Flavors are not as good, cloud production is minimal, and if you are serious about vape life you will soon be wanting an atomizer.
Whether you’re new to vaping or are a seasoned pro, understanding how your vape device functions is an important part of maintaining it. If you ever need any advice or want to learn more about vaping and vape culture, go ahead and drop us a message. We’re more than happy to chat with vapers new and old, beginners and pros alike!